Publikationen

Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Pathologie 87: 224-231 (2003-01-01)

Merz H.; Lange K.; Nadrowitz R.; Uckert W.; Blankenstein T.; Feller A.C.

Die Ueberexpression von NPM-ALK in haematopoietischen Stammzellen induziert verschiedene maligne Non-Hodgkin-Lymphome in der IL-9 transgenen Maus [Overexpression of NPM-ALK induces different types of malignant lymphomas in IL-9 transgenic mice]

Description:
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) comprises approximately 25 % of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas in children and young adults. 40% of these tumours have a translocation t(2;5)(p23;q35), which fuses the nucleophosmin gene (NPM) to the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene (ALK) resulting in a hybrid protein which contributes to the pathogenensis of ALCL. To further analyse the transforming activity in an animal model, a cDNA encoding the protein product, NPM-ALK, was incorporated into a retrovirus construct and introduced into mouse bone marrow progenitors by infection. In a bone marrow gene transfer and transplantation protocol the hematopoietic compartments of lethally irradiated IL-9 transgenic mice were reconstituted with npm-alk infected progenitor cells. IL-9 transgenic mice were chosen, because IL-9, a pleiotropic T helper 2 cytokine, is expressed in most cases of human ALCL and was shown to have an oncogenic potential at least on T cells. Reconstituted mice developed NPM-ALK positive lymphomas including lymphoblastic lymphomas of T-cell type (T-LB), mature and immature plasmacytoma (PZ) and plasmoblastic/anaplastic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma after 10-30 weeks. The combined overexpression of NPM-ALK and IL-9 exerts cooperative oncogenic activity in the transformation of murine lymphoid cells leading to accelerated and enhanced development of T-LB. Many animals developed plasmacytic/plasmoblastic neoplasms, of which the most aggressive tumours share many features with human anaplastic/plasmoblastic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Keywords: Neoplastic Gene Expression Regulation, Interleukin-9, Gene Transfer Techniques, Fusion Oncogene Proteins, Bone Marrow Transplantation, Protein-Tyrosine Kinases, T-Cell Lymphoma, Animals, Mice

Type: Article

PubMed: 16888916
MDC Repository: https://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/8453/