World Journal of Urology 31 (4): 805-809 (2013-08)

Weikert S.; Kempkensteffen C.; Busch J.; Johannsen M.; Gruenwald V.; Zimmermann K.; Floercken A.; Westermann J.; Weinkauf L.; Miller K.; Keilholz U.

Sequential mTOR inhibitor treatment with temsirolimus in metastatic renal cell carcinoma following failure of VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Purpose: Agents targeting the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, e. g. everolimus, can provide clinical benefit in pretreated patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC), but data from randomized trials on the sequential use of temsirolimus are lacking. We retrospectively studied the efficacy and safety of temsirolimus therapy following failure of rTKI therapy. Methods: Twenty-nine patients treated with temsirolimus (25 mg/week) following progression on rTKI therapy were studied at four institutions. All patients had failed at least one prior rTKI therapy (sunitinib, n = 6; sorafenib, n = 1; both, n = 22). Over 80% had two or more prior therapies. Data on efficacy (response assessment, progression-free survival [PFS], overall survival [OS]) and safety (NCI-CTC) were analyzed. Results: Adverse events occurred in 90% of patients with the majority being grade 1 (n = 4, 14%) or grade 2 (n = 12, 41%). Most grade 3/4 toxicities (n = 10, 34%) were manageable and included anemia (n = 4, 14%), leukopenia/neutropenia (n = 2, 7%), hyperglycemia (n = 1, 3%), acidosis/alkalosis (n = 2, 7%), and infection (n = 1, 3%). One patient discontinued temsirolimus for grade 3 pneumonitis. Median (range) PFS and OS were 5.1 months (1–10.4) and 18.0 months (12.6–23.3), respectively. Best response included partial response (n = 1) and stable disease (n = 15) for a disease control rate of 55%, and disease progression of 45% (n = 13). Conclusions: Temsirolimus after rTKI failure appears to provide promising safety and efficacy comparable to other treatment options in pretreated patients with mRCC.

Keywords: Kidney Cancer, Survival, Drug, Metastasis, Toxicity, Adverse Event

Type: Article

PubMed: 21512806
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