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B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 (Bcl10) and angiotensin II-induced kidney injury

Authors

  • L. Markó
  • J.K. Park
  • N. Henke
  • S. Rong
  • A. Balogh
  • S. Klamer
  • H. Bartolomaeus
  • N. Wilck
  • J. Ruland
  • S.K. Forslund
  • F.C. Luft
  • R. Dechend
  • D.N. Müller

Journal

  • Cardiovascular Research

Citation

  • Cardiovasc Res

Abstract

  • AIMS: B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 10 (Bcl10) is a member of the CARMA-Bcl10-MALT1 signalosome, linking angiotensin (Ang) II and antigen-dependent immune-cell activation to nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling. We showed earlier that Bcl10 plays a role in Ang II-induced cardiac fibrosis and remodeling, independent of blood pressure. We now investigated the role of Bcl10 in Ang II-induced renal damage.
    METHODS AND RESULTS: Bcl10 knockout mice (Bcl10 KO) and wild-type (WT) controls were given 1% NaCl in the drinking water and Ang II (1.44 mg/kg/d) for 14 days. Additionally, Bcl10 KO or WT kidneys were transplanted onto WT mice that were challenged by the same protocol for 7 days. Kidneys of Ang II-treated Bcl10 KO mice developed less fibrosis and showed fewer infiltrating cells. Nevertheless, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (Ngal) and kidney injury molecule (Kim)1 expression was higher in the kidneys of Ang II-treated Bcl10 KO mice, indicating exacerbated tubular damage. Furthermore, albuminuria was significantly higher in Ang II-treated Bcl10 KO mice accompanied by reduced glomerular nephrin expression and podocyte number. Ang II-treated WT mice transplanted with Bcl10 KO kidney showed more albuminuria and renal Ngal, compared to WT->WT kidney transplanted mice, as well as lower podocyte number but similar fibrosis and cell infiltration. Interestingly, mice lacking Bcl10 in the kidney exhibited less Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy than controls. CONCLUSIONS: Bcl10 has multi-faceted actions in Ang II-induced renal damage. On the one hand, global Bcl10 deficiency ameliorates renal fibrosis and cell infiltration; on the other hand, lack of renal Bcl10 aggravates albuminuria and podocyte damage. These data suggest that Bcl10 maintains podocyte integrity and renal function. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVES: The CARMA-Bcl10-MALT1 signalosome plays a pivotal role in several cell types regulating different (patho)physiological processes. For example, it links Ang II and NF-κB signaling pathways. The molecular mechanism of albuminuria upon Ang II-induced hypertension is not fully understood. Podocytes are a direct target of Ang II. We provide data that the lack of Bcl10 protects the kidney and the heart from Ang II-induced fibrosis and immune cell infiltration. Nevertheless, it aggravates albuminuria and podocyte damage independently from blood pressure. Therefore, a cell type-specific interpretation of major signaling pathway helps to better understand the pathogenesis of target organ damage.


DOI

doi:10.1093/cvr/cvz169