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CD4+ T cell-mediated HER-2/neu-specific tumor rejection in the absence of B cells

Authors

  • J.A. Lindencrona
  • S. Preiss
  • T. Kammertoens
  • T. Schueler
  • M. Piechocki
  • W.Z. Wei
  • B. Seliger
  • T. Blankenstein
  • R. Kiessling

Journal

  • International Journal of Cancer

Citation

  • Int J Cancer 109 (2): 259-264

Abstract

  • HER-2/neu (HER-2) is a cell surface proto-oncogene that is often overexpressed in carcinomas. Passive administration of anti-HER-2 antibodies in breast cancer patients has achieved promising results, but less is known about the role of antibodies in active immunization. We asked whether B cells/antibodies are needed for tumor immunity induced by plasmid (HER-2 and GM-CSF) immunization. HER-2 specific tumor immunity relied completely on both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. IFN-γ, and to a lesser extent IL-4, seemed to be crucial cytokines during tumor rejection. Protection was associated with production of anti-HER-2 IgG antibodies in B cell competent mice. After immunization, however, B cell-deficient mice rejected HER-2-expressing tumors as efficiently as control littermates. We conclude that T cells are the main effector cells in DNA vaccine induced immunity against HER-2 and that anti HER-2 antibodies are not necessary to elicit a protective anti tumor immune response in this model.


DOI

doi:10.1002/ijc.11654