The chloroplast RNA binding protein CP31A has a preference for mRNAs encoding the subunits of the chloroplast NAD(P)H dehydrogenase complex and is required for their accumulation


  • B. Lenzen
  • T. Rühle
  • M.K. Lehniger
  • A. Okuzaki
  • M. Labs
  • J.M. Muino
  • U. Ohler
  • D. Leister
  • C. Schmitz-Linneweber


  • International Journal of Molecular Sciences


  • Int J Mol Sci 21 (16): 5633


  • Chloroplast RNA processing requires a large number of nuclear-encoded RNA binding proteins (RBPs) that are imported post-translationally into the organelle. Most of these RBPs are highly specific for one or few target RNAs. By contrast, members of the chloroplast ribonucleoprotein family (cpRNPs) have a wider RNA target range. We here present a quantitative analysis of RNA targets of the cpRNP CP31A using digestion-optimized RNA co-immunoprecipitation with deep sequencing (DO-RIP-seq). This identifies the mRNAs coding for subunits of the chloroplast NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (NDH) complex as main targets for CP31A. We demonstrate using whole-genome gene expression analysis and targeted RNA gel blot hybridization that the ndh mRNAs are all down-regulated in cp31a mutants. This diminishes the activity of the NDH complex. Our findings demonstrate how a chloroplast RNA binding protein can combine functionally related RNAs into one post-transcriptional operon.