deltaTE: detection of translationally regulated genes by integrative analysis of Ribo-seq and RNA-seq data


  • S. Chothani
  • E. Adami
  • J.F. Ouyang
  • S. Viswanathan
  • N. Hubner
  • S.A. Cook
  • S. Schafer
  • O.J.L. Rackham


  • Current Protocols in Molecular Biology


  • Curr Protoc Mol Biol 129 (1): e108


  • Ribosome profiling quantifies the genome-wide ribosome occupancy of transcripts. With the integration of matched RNA sequencing data, the translation efficiency (TE) of genes can be calculated to reveal translational regulation. This layer of gene-expression regulation is otherwise difficult to assess on a global scale and generally not well understood in the context of human disease. Current statistical methods to calculate differences in TE have low accuracy, cannot accommodate complex experimental designs or confounding factors, and do not categorize genes into buffered, intensified, or exclusively translationally regulated genes. This article outlines a method [referred to as deltaTE (ΔTE), standing for change in TE] to identify translationally regulated genes, which addresses the shortcomings of previous methods. In an extensive benchmarking analysis, ΔTE outperforms all methods tested. Furthermore, applying ΔTE on data from human primary cells allows detection of substantially more translationally regulated genes, providing a clearer understanding of translational regulation in pathogenic processes. In this article, we describe protocols for data preparation, normalization, analysis, and visualization, starting from raw sequencing files.