The effect of ageing and cerebral serotonin deficit on the activity of cytochrome P450 2D (CYP2D) in the brain and liver of male rats


  • A. Haduch
  • R. Pukło
  • N. Alenina
  • A. Nikiforuk
  • P. Popik
  • M. Bader
  • W.A. Daniel


  • Neurochemistry International


  • Neurochem Int 141: 104884


  • Brain cytochrome P450 (CYP) contributes to the local metabolism of endogenous substrates and drugs. The aim of present study was to ascertain whether the cytochrome P450 2D (CYP2D) activity changes with ageing and in cerebral serotonin deficit. Kinetics of 5-methoxytryptamine O-demethylation to serotonin was studied and the CYP2D activity was measured in brain and liver microsomes of Dark Agouti wild type (WT) rats (mature 3.5-month-old and senescent 21-month-old rats) and in tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2)-deficient senescent rats. The CYP2D activity and protein level decreased in the frontal cortex of senescent WT rats, but increased in senescent TPH2-deficient rats (compared to senescent WT). In contrast, in the hippocampus, hypothalamus and striatum the CYP2D activity/protein level increased with ageing, but did not change in senescent TPH2-deficient animals (compared to senescent WT). The activity and protein level of liver CYP2D was lower in senescent WT rats than in the mature animals and further decreased in senescent TPH2-deficient rats. In conclusion, ageing and TPH2-deficit affect the CYP2D activity and protein level, which may have a positive impact on neurotransmitter synthesis in brain structures involved in cognitive, emotional or motor functions, but a negative effect on drug metabolism in the liver.