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Eicosapentaenoic acid metabolism by cytochrome P450 enzymes of the CYP2C subfamily

Authors

  • E. Barbosa-Sicard
  • M. Markovic
  • H. Honeck
  • B. Christ
  • D.N. Muller
  • W.H. Schunck

Journal

  • Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications

Citation

  • Biochem Biophys Res Commun 329 (4): 1275-1281

Abstract

  • CYP2C enzymes epoxidize arachidonic acid (AA) to metabolites involved in the regulation of vascular and renal function. We tested the hypothesis that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid, may serve as an alternative substrate. Human CYP2C8 and CYP2C9, as well as rat CYP2C11 and CYP2C23, were co-expressed with NADPH-CYP reductase in a baculovirus/insect cell system. The recombinant enzymes showed high EPA and AA epoxygenase activities and the catalytic efficiencies were almost equal comparing the two substrates. The 17,18-double bond was the preferred site of EPA epoxidation by CYPs 2C8, 2C11, and 2C23. 17(R),18(S)-Epoxyeicosatetraenoic acid was produced with an optical purity of about 70% by CYPs 2C9, 2C11, and 2C23 whereas CYP2C8 showed the opposite enantioselectivity. These results demonstrate that EPA is an efficient substrate of CYP2C enzymes and suggest that n-3 PUFA-rich diets may shift the CYP2C-dependent generation of physiologically active eicosanoids from AA- to EPA-derived metabolites.


DOI

doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.02.103