- C. Hirsch
- E. Jarosch
- T. Sommer
- D.H. Wolf
- Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
- Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res 1695 (1-3): 215-223
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the eukaryotic organelle where most secretory proteins are folded for subsequent delivery to their site of action. Proper folding of newly synthesized proteins is monitored by a stringent ER quality control system. This system recognizes misfolded or unassembled proteins and prevents them from reaching their final destination. Instead, they are extracted from the ER, polyubiquitinated and degraded by the cytosolic proteasome. With the identification of novel components and substrates, a more and more complex picture of this process emerges in which distinct pathways target different sets of substrates for destruction.