Extracellular application of NAADP+ induces Ca2+ signaling in astrocytes in situ


  • A.C. Heidemann
  • C.G. Schipke
  • H. Kettenmann


  • Journal of Biological Chemistry


  • J Biol Chem 280 (42): 35630-35640


  • Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP+) has been identified as a novel second messenger triggering Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. Here we report that murine cortical astrocytes in culture and in acute slices respond with transient intracellular Ca2+ increases to extracellularly applied NAADP+ and express the NAADP+-producing enzyme CD38. The Ca2+ transients triggered by NAADP+ occurred with an average delay of 35 s as compared with ATP-triggered Ca2+ signaling, suggesting that NAADP+ may have to enter the cell to act. Blockage of connexin hemichannels (a possible entry route for NAADP+ into the cell) reduced the number of astrocytes responding to NAADP+. Disruption of lysosomes as the suggested site of NAADP+ receptors reduced the number of astrocytes responding to NAADP+ strongly. The NAADP+-triggered Ca2+ signal also depended on intact endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores linked to activation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors and on the activity of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Adenosine receptor-mediated signaling contributes to the NAADP+-evoked signal, since it is strongly reduced by the adenosine receptor blocker CGS-15943. Moreover, NAADP+ triggered responses in all other cell types (cultured cerebellar neurons, microglia, and oligodendrocytes) of the central nervous system.