Glutamate transporters and metabotropic receptors regulate excitatory neurotransmission in the medial entorhinal cortex of the rat


  • C. Iserhot
  • C. Gebhardt
  • D. Schmitz
  • U. Heinemann


  • Brain Research


  • Brain Res 1027 (1-2): 151-160


  • In layer III of the medial entorhinal cortex (mEC), a region that is especially prone to cell damage in Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia and epilepsy, effects of blocking glutamate uptake on excitatory synaptic transmission were studied. Two competitive glutamate transporter antagonists, TBOA and tPDC, reduced the amplitude of pharmacologically isolated AMPAR and NMDAR mediated EPSPs/EPSCs without changing the time course of the events. This effect was mimicked by tACPD, an agonist of groups I and II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). The competitive groups I and II mGluR antagonist MCPG blocked the depression of the EPSC amplitude induced by tACPD and also prevented the effect of either TBOA or tPDC. Furthermore, EGLU, which selectively antagonizes group II mGluRs, blocked the effect of tPDC and LY3414965, a specific group I mGluR antagonist, abolished the reduction of amplitude caused by TBOA. Additionally, application of TBOA increased the paired-pulse index, suggesting a presynaptic mechanism for the depression of EPSP/EPSC amplitude. The present data suggest that glutamate transporters and group I/II mGluRs regulate excitatory synaptic transmission in the mEC. Presynaptic mGluRs may limit excessive glutamate accumulation if uptake becomes compromised.