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Guideline adherence in cardiovascular risk assessment and analysis in 15,000 hypertensive German patients in real life: results of the Prospective 3A Registry

Authors

  • R. Dechend
  • E. Kaiser
  • W. Derer
  • E. Deeg
  • A. Busjahn
  • R.E. Schmieder
  • U. Zeymer

Journal

  • Journal of Clinical Hypertension

Citation

  • J Clin Hypertens 14 (8): 496-501

Abstract

  • The benefit obtained from antihypertensive treatment is related more to overall cardiovascular risk reduction than to blood pressure levels. Accurate implementation of cardiovascular diagnostics is a key step toward assessment of cardiovascular risk. In the 3A Registry study, data about patient history, concomitant diseases, diagnostic procedures, and medications were prospectively collected. A total of 14,738 patients recruited by 899 physicians in 2008 and 2009 were analyzed. Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors and subclinical end-organ damage (SOD) showed broad differences in the implementation of European Society of Hypertension/European Society of Cardiology recommendations. Electrocardiograms were available in 59% of patients, cholesterol in 71.4%, and glucose in 69.7%. Almost all patients (99.6%) had creatinine measurements performed and microalbuminuria was measured in 8.5%. Metabolic syndrome (MS) had been evaluated in 59.7%. Implementation of diagnostic guidelines was highest in hypertensive patients with diabetes, followed by patients with known cardiovascular disease and established chronic renal insufficiency. For hypertensive patients without known comorbidities, the authors estimated that up to 29% had missed SOD (detection rate <50%) and 13% missed MS due to incomplete assessment of risk factors. This large registry study shows that assessment for cardiovascular risk factors and SOD is incomplete. Major efforts are required to improve comprehensive hypertension management as recommended by current guidelines.


DOI

doi:10.1111/j.1751-7176.2012.00650.x