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Impairment of the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2-angiotensin-(1-7)-Mas axis contributes to the acceleration of two-kidney, one-clip Goldblatt hypertension

Authors

  • M. Buergelova
  • Z. Vanourkova
  • M. Thumova
  • P. Dvorak
  • M. Opocensky
  • H.J. Kramer
  • M. Zelizko
  • J. Maly
  • M. Bader
  • L. Cervenka

Journal

  • Journal of Hypertension

Citation

  • J Hypertens 27 (10): 1988-2000

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown that the heptapeptide angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] exerts important vasoactive actions and can act as an endogenous physiological antagonist of angiotensin II (Ang II) within the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The present study was performed to evaluate the effects, first, of chronic increases of Ang-(1-7) levels, second, of [7-D-Ala], an Ang-(1-7) receptor antagonist, and, third, of an angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) inhibitor on the course of hypertension and of renal function of the nonclipped kidney in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) Goldblatt hypertensive rats. METHODS: Blood pressure (BP) was monitored by radiotelemetry. Elevation of the effect of circulating Ang-(1-7) levels was achieved either by chronic subcutaneous infusion of Ang-(1-7) through osmotic minipumps or by employing transgenic rats that express an Ang-(1-7)-producing fusion protein [Ang-(1-7)TGR+/+] (and its control Ang-(1-7)TGR-/-). [7-D-Ala] was also infused subcutaneously and the ACE2 inhibitor was administrated in drinking water. On day 25 after clipping, rats were anesthetized and renal function was evaluated. RESULTS: Chronic infusion of Ang-(1-7) did not modify the course of 2K1C hypertension and did not alter renal function as compared with saline vehicle-infused 2K1C rats. Chronic infusion of [7-D-Ala] or treatment with the ACE2 inhibitor worsened the course of hypertension and elicited decreases in renal hemodynamics. [Ang-(1-7)TGR+/+] and [Ang-(1-7)TGR-/-] rats exhibited a similar course of hypertension. CONCLUSION: The present data support the notion that Ang-(1-7) serves as an important endogenous vasodilator and natriuretic agent and its deficiency might contribute to the acceleration of 2K1C Goldblatt hypertension.


DOI

doi:10.1097/HJH.0b013e32832f0d06