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LMNA co-regulated gene expression as a suitable readout after precise gene correction

Authors

  • H. Wang
  • A. Krause
  • H. Escobar
  • S. Müthel
  • E. Metzler
  • S. Spuler

Journal

  • International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Citation

  • Int J Mol Sci 23 (24): 15525

Abstract

  • LMNA-related muscular dystrophy is an autosomal-dominant progressive disorder caused by mutations in LMNA. LMNA missense mutations are becoming correctable with CRISPR/Cas9-derived tools. Evaluating the functional recovery of LMNA after gene editing bears challenges as there is no reported direct loss of function of lamin A/C proteins in patient-derived cells. The proteins encoded by LMNA are lamins A/C, important ubiquitous nuclear envelope proteins but absent in pluripotent stem cells. We induced lamin A/C expression in induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) of two patients with (LMNA)-related muscular dystrophy, NM_170707.4 (LMNA): c.1366A > G, p.(Asn456Asp) and c.1494G > T, p.(Trp498Cys), using a short three-day, serum-induced differentiation protocol and analyzed expression profiles of co-regulated genes, examples being COL1A2 and S100A6- We then performed precise gene editing of (LMNA) c.1366A > G using the near-PAMless (PAM: protospacer-adjacent motif) cytosine base editor. We show that the mutation can be repaired to 100% efficiency in individual iPSC clones. The fast differentiation protocol provided a functional readout and demonstrated increased lamin A/C expression as well as normalized expression of co-regulated genes. Collectively, our findings demonstrate the power of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene correction and effective outcome measures in a disease with, so far, little perspective on therapies.


DOI

doi:10.3390/ijms232415525