- N. Rajewsky
- Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
- Nat Struct Mol Biol 13 (9): 754-755
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding small RNAs thought to post-transcriptionally regulate many metazoan genes by binding to partially complementary sites in target messenger RNAs. In this issue, Didiano and Hobert examine known and predicted targets of the nematode lsy-6 miRNA, question the general validity of previously proposed rules about miRNA-target interactions and suggest that many functional miRNA targets might be context dependent, as seen in metazoan gene regulation by transcription factors.