MRI of implantation sites using parallel transmission of an optimized radiofrequency excitation vector


  • M. Berangi
  • A. Kuehne
  • H. Waiczies
  • T. Niendorf


  • Tomography


  • Tomography 9 (2): 603-620


  • Postoperative care of orthopedic implants is aided by imaging to assess the healing process and the implant status. MRI of implantation sites might be compromised by radiofrequency (RF) heating and RF transmission field (B+1) inhomogeneities induced by electrically conducting implants. This study examines the applicability of safe and B+1-distortion-free MRI of implantation sites using optimized parallel RF field transmission (pTx) based on a multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA). Electromagnetic field simulations were performed for eight eight-channel RF array configurations (f = 297.2 MHz), and the most efficient array was manufactured for phantom experiments at 7.0 T. Circular polarization (CP) and orthogonal projection (OP) algorithms were applied for benchmarking the GA-based shimming. B+1 mapping and MR thermometry and imaging were performed using phantoms mimicking muscle containing conductive implants. The local SAR10g of the entire phantom in GA was 12% and 43.8% less than the CP and OP, respectively. Experimental temperature mapping using the CP yielded ΔT = 2.5–3.0 K, whereas the GA induced no extra heating. GA-based shimming eliminated B+1 artefacts at implantation sites and enabled uniform gradient-echo MRI. To conclude, parallel RF transmission with GA-based excitation vectors provides a technical foundation en route to safe and B+1-distortion-free MRI of implantation sites.