Pathogenesis of hypertension in a mouse model for human CLCN2 related hyperaldosteronism


  • C. Göppner
  • I.J. Orozco
  • M.B. Hoegg-Beiler
  • A.H. Soria
  • C.A. Hübner
  • F.L. Fernandes-Rosa
  • S. Boulkroun
  • M.C. Zennaro
  • T.J. Jentsch


  • Nature Communications


  • Nat Commun 10 (1): 4678


  • Human primary aldosteronism (PA) can be caused by mutations in several ion channel genes but mouse models replicating this condition are lacking. We now show that almost all known PA-associated CLCN2 mutations markedly increase ClC-2 chloride currents and generate knock-in mice expressing a constitutively open ClC-2 Cl(−) channel as mouse model for PA. The Clcn2(op) allele strongly increases the chloride conductance of zona glomerulosa cells, provoking a strong depolarization and increasing cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration. Clcn2(op) mice display typical features of human PA, including high serum aldosterone in the presence of low renin activity, marked hypertension and hypokalemia. These symptoms are more pronounced in homozygous Clcn2(op/op) than in heterozygous Clcn2+/op mice. This difference is attributed to the unexpected finding that only ~50 % of Clcn2(+/op) zona glomerulosa cells are depolarized. By reproducing essential features of human PA, Clcn2(op) mice are a valuable model to study the pathological mechanisms underlying this disease.