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Pharmacological restoration and therapeutic targeting of the B-cell phenotype in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma

Authors

  • J. Du
  • M. Neuenschwander
  • Y. Yu
  • J.H.M. Däbritz
  • N.R. Neuendorff
  • K. Schleich
  • A. Bittner
  • M. Milanovic
  • G. Beuster
  • S. Radetzki
  • E. Specker
  • M. Reimann
  • F. Rosenbauer
  • S. Mathas
  • P. Lohneis
  • M. Hummel
  • B. Dörken
  • J.P. von Kries
  • S. Lee
  • C.A. Schmitt

Journal

  • Blood

Citation

  • Blood 129 (1): 71-81

Abstract

  • Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), although originating from B-cells, is characterized by the virtual lack of gene products whose expression constitutes the B-cell phenotype. Epigenetic repression of B-cell-specific genes via promoter hypermethylation and histone deacetylation as well as compromised expression of B-cell-committed transcription factors were previously reported to contribute to the lost B-cell phenotype in cHL. Restoring the B-cell phenotype may not only correct a central malignant property, but render cHL susceptible to clinically established antibody therapies targeting B-cell surface receptors or small compounds interfering with B-cell receptor signaling. We conducted now a high-throughput pharmacological screening based on more than 28,000 compounds in cHL cell lines carrying a CD19 reporter to identify drugs that promote re-expression of the B-cell phenotype. Three chemicals were retrieved that robustly enhanced CD19 transcription. Subsequent chromatin immunoprecipitation-based analyses indicated that action of two of these compounds was associated with lowered levels of the transcriptionally repressive lysine 9-trimethylated histone H3 mark at the CD19 promoter. Moreover, the anti-leukemia agents all-trans retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide (ATO) were found to reconstitute the silenced B-cell transcriptional program and reduce viability of cHL cell lines. When applied in combination with a screening-identified chemical, ATO evoked re-expression of the CD20 antigen, which could be further therapeutically exploited by enabling CD20 antibody-mediated apoptosis of cHL cells. Furthermore, restoration of the B-cell phenotype also rendered cHL cells susceptible to the B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma-tailored small compound inhibitors Ibrutinib and Idelalisib. In essence, we report here a conceptually novel, re-differentiation-based treatment strategy for cHL.


DOI

doi:10.1182/blood-2016-02-700773