Soluble (pro)renin receptor in preeclampsia and diabetic pregnancies


  • M. Sugulle
  • H. Heidecke
  • U. Maschke
  • F. Herse
  • A.H.J. Danser
  • D.N. Mueller
  • A.C. Staff
  • R. Dechend


  • Journal of the American Society of Hypertension


  • J Am Soc Hypertens 11 (10): 644-652


  • Women with preexisting or gestational diabetes mellitus have an increased risk for developing preeclampsia. Diabetes and pregnancy are both characterized by very high prorenin levels and renin-angiotensin system activation. Prorenin bound to the (pro)renin receptor has enzymatic activity. We hypothesized that soluble (pro)renin receptor levels are elevated in high-risk pregnancies. Third trimester maternal blood samples from complicated pregnancies (n = 165), (preeclampsia [n = 76], diabetes mellitus [type I diabetes, n = 35; type II diabetes, n = 11; gestational diabetes mellitus, n = 43]), and healthy pregnancies (n = 49) were analyzed for prorenin, renin, and soluble (pro)renin receptor. There were no significant differences in prorenin or renin levels between the study groups in a multivariate model. In the group of women with gestational diabetes, soluble (pro)renin receptor concentrations were significantly higher compared with healthy pregnancies or preeclampsia. Soluble (pro)renin receptor did not correlate with renin or prorenin levels for any of the study groups. Our results show that soluble (pro)renin receptor is dysregulated in pregnancies affected by diabetes mellitus, but not in preeclampsia. Alterations in circulating soluble (pro)renin receptor are unrelated to renin/prorenin in pregnancy, but may be of pathophysiological relevance in diabetic pregnancies in a renin-angiotensin system-independent manner.