Synthesis of C-X-C and C-C Chemokines by Human Peritoneal Fibroblasts - Induction by Macrophage-Derived Cytokines


  • J. Witowski
  • A. Thiel
  • R. Dechend
  • K. Dunkel
  • N. Fouquet
  • T.O. Bender
  • J.M. Langrehr
  • G.M. Gahl
  • U. Frei
  • A. Joerres


  • American Journal of Pathology


  • Am J Pathol 158 (4): 1441-1450


  • Leukocyte accumulation during peritonitis is believed to be controlled by chemotactic factors released by resident peritoneal macrophages or mesothelial cells. Recent data indicate, however, that in many tissues fibroblasts play a key role in mediating leukocyte recruitment. We have therefore examined human peritoneal fibroblasts (HPFBs) for the expression and regulation of C-X-C and C-C chemokines. Quiescent HPFBs secreted monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and interleukin (IL)-8 constitutively. This release could be dose-dependently augmented with the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Stimulated IL-8 production reached a plateau within 48 hours while MCP-1 continued to accumulate throughout 96 hours. Induction of IL-8 and MCP-1 synthesis by HPFBs was also triggered by peritoneal macrophage-conditioned medium. This effect was partly related to the presence of IL-1beta as demonstrated by IL-1 receptor antagonist inhibition. Pretreatment of HPFBs with actinomycin D or puromycin dose-dependently reduced cytokine-stimulated IL-8 and MCP-1 secretion, which suggested de novo chemokine synthesis. Indeed, exposure of HPFBs to IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha produced a significant up-regulation of IL-8 and MCP-1 mRNA. This effect was associated with the rapid induction of nuclear factor-kappaB binding activity mediated through p65 and p50 subunits, and with a transient increase in the mRNA expression for RelB and inhibitory protein kappaB-alpha proteins. These data indicate that peritoneal fibroblasts are capable of generating large quantities of chemokines under a tight control of nuclear factor-kappaB/Rel transcription factors. Thus, peritoneal fibroblast-derived chemokines may contribute to the intraperitoneal recruitment of leukocytes during peritonitis.