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Towards determining the differentiation program of antigen-presenting dentritic cells by transcriptional profiling

Authors

  • X.S. Ju
  • C. Hacker
  • S.M. Kurz
  • S. Knespel
  • G. Blendinger
  • S. Rose-John
  • M. Zenke

Journal

  • European Journal of Cell Biology

Citation

  • Eur J Cell Biol 82 (2): 75-86

Abstract

  • Dendritic cells (DC) represent professional antigen-presenting cells that develop from hematopoietic progenitors through successive steps of differentiation. Employing DNA microarray technology, we analysed the specific changes in gene expression that occur when human progenitor cells differentiate into DC. CD34+ progenitor cells were first amplified in vitro with stem cell factor (SCF), Flt3 ligand (FL), thrombopoietin and IL-6/soluble IL-6 receptor fusion protein, and cells were then induced to differentiate into DC with IL-4 and GM-CSF. DC maturation was induced by TNF{alpha}. Progenitor cells and DC were subjected to transcriptional profiling by DNA micro-arrays that represent 13000 human genes. Our analysis revealed specific changes in the expression of a large number of cell surface antigens including molecules involved in antigen uptake and processing, cell migration and antigen presentation. Genes encoding such molecules were upregulated during DC differentiation as were genes encoding cytokines, cytokine receptors, chemokines and chemokine receptors. Stem cell genes and genes related to the multilineage differentiation potential and proliferative state of progenitor cells were downregulated. Our analysis also provides information on the expression profiles of transcriptional regulators such as the NF-κB/rel and STAT transcription factors. Interestingly, NF-κB/rel factors were found to be expressed in both progenitor cells and DC at similar levels and were induced by TNFα. In contrast, expression of STAT factors increased during DC differentiation and their expression was virtually unaffected by TNF{alpha}.


DOI

doi:10.1078/0171-9335-00294