- S. Backert
- M. Selbach
- Trends in Microbiology
- Trends Microbiol 13 (10): 476-484
The tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins has a central role during signal transduction in eukaryotes. Recent progress shows that tyrosine phosphorylation is also a common feature of several effector proteins translocated by bacterial type III and type IV secretion systems. The involvement of these secretion systems in disease development is exemplified by a variety of pathogenic processes: pedestal formation (Tir of EPEC and Citrobacter), cell scattering (CagA of Helicobacter), invasion (Tarp of Chlamydia) and possibly proinflammatory responses and cell proliferation (BepD-F of Bartonella). The discovery that different bacterial pathogens use this common strategy to subvert host-cell function suggests that more examples will soon emerge.