Pathogenic mutations of human phosphorylation sites affect protein–protein interactions


  • T. Rrustemi
  • K. Meyer
  • Y. Roske
  • B. Uyar
  • A. Akalin
  • K. Imami
  • Y. Ishihama
  • O. Daumke
  • M. Selbach


  • Nature Communications


  • Nat Commun 15 (1): 3146


  • Despite their lack of a defined 3D structure, intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) of proteins play important biological roles. Many IDRs contain short linear motifs (SLiMs) that mediate protein-protein interactions (PPIs), which can be regulated by post-translational modifications like phosphorylation. 20% of pathogenic missense mutations are found in IDRs, and understanding how such mutations affect PPIs is essential for unraveling disease mechanisms. Here, we employ peptide-based interaction proteomics to investigate 36 disease-associated mutations affecting phosphorylation sites. Our results unveil significant differences in interactomes between phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated peptides, often due to disrupted phosphorylation-dependent SLiMs. We focused on a mutation of a serine phosphorylation site in the transcription factor GATAD1, which causes dilated cardiomyopathy. We find that this phosphorylation site mediates interaction with 14-3-3 family proteins. Follow-up experiments reveal the structural basis of this interaction and suggest that 14-3-3 binding affects GATAD1 nucleocytoplasmic transport by masking a nuclear localisation signal. Our results demonstrate that pathogenic mutations of human phosphorylation sites can significantly impact protein-protein interactions, offering insights into potential molecular mechanisms underlying pathogenesis.