TCR and CAR engineering of primary human T cells


  • I. Edes
  • J. Clauss
  • R. Stahn
  • A. Sada Japp
  • F.K.M. Lorenz


  • Methods in Molecular Biology


  • Methods Mol Biol 2521 (3): 85-93


  • The efficient expression of T-cell receptors (TCRs) or chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) in primary human T cells is crucial for preclinical testing of receptor properties for adoptive T-cell therapies. Multiple streams of technological platforms have been developed in the recent decades to genetically modify primary T cells including nonviral platforms such as transposon-based systems (PiggyBac, Sleeping Beauty), TALENs, or CRISPR-Cas9). The production of CAR- or TCR-encoding retroviral vectors, however, is still the most commonly used technique both in preclinical as well as in clinical settings.In this chapter we describe a comprehensive 12-day protocol for (a) generating high-titered gamma-retroviral vector particles containing the transgene of interest (e.g., TCR , CAR ), (b) the isolation, activation and rapid expansion of primary T cells and (c) the stable genetic engineering of these T cells with the transgene for subsequent characterization.