Accelerated simultaneous T2 and T2* mapping of multiple sclerosis lesions using compressed sensing reconstruction of radial RARE-EPI MRI


  • C.J.J. Herrmann
  • L. Starke
  • J.M. Millward
  • J. Kuchling
  • F. Paul
  • T. Niendorf


  • Tomography


  • Tomography 9 (1): 299-314


  • (1) BACKGROUND: Radial RARE-EPI MRI facilitates simultaneous T2 and T2* mapping (2in1-RARE-EPI). With modest undersampling (R = 2), the speed gain of 2in1-RARE-EPI relative to Multi-Spin-Echo and Multi-Gradient-Recalled-Echo references is limited. Further reduction in scan time is crucial for clinical studies investigating T2 and T2* as imaging biomarkers. We demonstrate the feasibility of further acceleration, utilizing compressed sensing (CS) reconstruction of highly undersampled 2in1-RARE-EPI. (2) METHODS: Two-fold radially-undersampled 2in1-RARE-EPI data from phantoms, healthy volunteers (n = 3), and multiple sclerosis patients (n = 4) were used as references, and undersampled (Rextra = 1–12, effective undersampling Reff = 2–24). For each echo time, images were reconstructed using CS-reconstruction. For T2 (RARE module) and T2* mapping (EPI module), a linear least-square fit was applied to the images. T2 and T2* from CS-reconstruction of undersampled data were benchmarked against values from CS-reconstruction of the reference data. (3) RESULTS: We demonstrate accelerated simultaneous T2 and T2* mapping using undersampled 2in1-RARE-EPI with CS-reconstruction is feasible. For Rextra = 6 (TA = 01:39 min), the overall MAPE was ≤8% (T2*) and ≤4% (T2); for Rextra = 12 (TA = 01:06 min), the overall MAPE was <13% (T2*) and <5% (T2). (4) CONCLUSION: Substantial reductions in scan time are achievable for simultaneous T2 and T2* mapping of the brain using highly undersampled 2in1-RARE-EPI with CS-reconstruction.