Aldosterone potentiates angiotensin II-induced signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells


  • I. Mazak
  • A. Fiebeler
  • D.N. Muller
  • J.K. Park
  • E. Shagdarsuren
  • C. Lindschau
  • R. Dechend
  • C. Viedt
  • B. Pilz
  • H. Haller
  • F.C. Luft


  • Circulation


  • Circulation 109 (22): 2792-2800


  • Background - In a double-transgenic human renin and human angiotensinogen rat model, we found that mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) blockade ameliorated angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced renal and cardiac damage. How Ang II and aldosterone (Ald) might interact is ill defined. Methods and Results - We investigated the effects of Ang II (10-7 mol/L) and Ald (10 -7 mol/L) on extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) with Western blotting and confocal microscopy. Ang II induced ERK 1/2 and JNK phosphorylation by 2 minutes. Ald achieved the same at 10 minutes. Ang II + Ald had a potentiating effect by 2 minutes. Two oxygen radical scavengers and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antagonist AG1478 reduced Ang II-, Ald-, and combination-induced ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Preincubating the cells with the MR blocker spironolactone (10-6 mol/L) abolished Ang II-induced ROS generation, EGFR transactivation, and ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Conclusions - Ald potentiates Ang II-induced ERK-1/2 and JNK phosphorylation. Oxygen radicals, the MR, and the EGFR play a role in early signaling induced by Ang II and Ald in VSMCs. These in vitro data may help explain the effects of MR blockade on Ang II-induced end-organ damage in vivo.