Angiotensin II type 1 autoantibody induced hypertension during pregnancy is associated with renal endothelial dysfunction


  • M.R. Parrish
  • M.J. Ryan
  • P. Glover
  • J. Brewer
  • L. Ray
  • R. Dechend
  • J.N. Martin
  • B.B. Lamarca


  • Gender Medicine


  • Gend Med 8 (3): 184-188


  • BACKGROUND: Previous investigations suggested that agonistic autoantibodies to the angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1-AA) might mediate a hypertensive response through dysregulation of the endothelin-1 system. AT1-AA induced hypertension was attenuated by the AT1 receptor and/or endothelin-1 type A receptor antagonists. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine if AT1-AA induced hypertension was associated with renal endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: We compared the vascular reactivity of renal interlobar arteries from normal pregnant control rats and AT1-AA long-term infused pregnant rats in the presence and absence of endothelin type A (ET(A)) receptor antagonism. Renal endothelial function was tested using isolated renal interlobar arteries in a pressure myograph, which were exposed to acetylcholine or sodium nitroprusside. RESULTS: Vasodilatory responses to the endothelial-dependent agonist acetylcholine were impaired in AT1-AA rats (74 [10]%) compared with normal pregnant controls (95 [5]%, P < 0.05). In the presence of ET(A) receptor antagonism, no differences were observed between controls or the AT1-AA treated group with regard to endothelial-dependent (acetylcholine) relaxation. CONCLUSION: AT1-AA induced hypertension during pregnancy was associated with disparate renal endothelial responses to acetylcholine. The difference in renal vascular responses between AT1-AA and normal pregnant rats was abolished by ET(A) receptor blockade.