Distinct and overlapping roles of CXCR5 and CCR7 in B-1 cell homing and early immunity against bacterial pathogens


  • U.E. Höpken
  • A.H. Achtman
  • K. Krueger
  • M. Lipp


  • Journal of Leukocyte Biology


  • J Leukoc Biol 76 (3): 709-718


  • CXC chemokine receptor (CXCR)5 and CC chemokine receptor (CCR)7 are the major chemokine receptors required for B cell homing and microenvironmental localization during antigen-independent and -dependent B cell differentiation. Here, we show markedly decreased B-1 B cell numbers in the peritoneal cavity of CXCR5 -/- and CXCR5 -/-CCR7 -/- double-deficient mice paralleled by reduced antigen-induced phosphorylcholine-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)M responses after intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of streptococcal antigen. CCR7 -/- mice also revealed a partial reduction in peritoneal B-1 cell numbers combined with a reduced humoral response to i.p. injected bacterial antigen. However, opposite roles of CXCR5 and CCR7 were observed when the frequency of peritoneal B-2 cells was analyzed. CXCR5 -/- mice almost completely lacked B-2 cells, whereas CCR7 deficiency engendered an increase in peritoneal B-2 cells. In addition, CCR7 -/- mice had enhanced, splenic IgM + plasma cell responses, whereas the extrafollicular B cell response of the CXCR5 -/- mice was not significantly altered compared with wild-type controls. Thus, the two chemokine receptors exert divergent forces at multiple levels of the innate immune response. CXCR5 plays a dominant role in peritoneal B-1 B cell homing and body cavity immunity, but both chemokine receptors are needed for a proportional peritoneal B-2 cell homing and balanced development of an early splenic B cell response.