Mitochondrial a kinase anchor proteins in cardiovascular health and disease: a review article on behalf of the Working Group on Cellular and Molecular Biology of the Heart of the Italian Society of Cardiology


  • R. Paolillo
  • S. D’Apice
  • G.G. Schiattarella
  • P. Ameri
  • D. Borzacchiello
  • D. Catalucci
  • C. Chimenti
  • L. Crotti
  • S. Sciarretta
  • D. Torella
  • A. Feliciello
  • C. Perrino


  • International Journal of Molecular Sciences


  • Int J Mol Sci 23 (14): 7691


  • Second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) has been found to regulate multiple mitochondrial functions, including respiration, dynamics, reactive oxygen species production, cell survival and death through the activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) and other effectors. Several members of the large family of A kinase anchor proteins (AKAPs) have been previously shown to locally amplify cAMP/PKA signaling to mitochondria, promoting the assembly of signalosomes, regulating multiple cardiac functions under both physiological and pathological conditions. In this review, we will discuss roles and regulation of major mitochondria-targeted AKAPs, along with opportunities and challenges to modulate their functions for translational purposes in the cardiovascular system.