Bioaccumulation of blood long-chain fatty acids during hemodialysis


  • T. Liu
  • I. Dogan
  • M. Rothe
  • J. Reichardt
  • F. Knauf
  • M. Gollasch
  • F.C. Luft
  • B. Gollasch


  • Metabolites


  • Metabolites 12 (3): 269


  • Long-chain fatty acids (LCFAs) serve as energy sources, components of cell membranes, and precursors for signaling molecules. Uremia alters LCFA metabolism so that the risk of cardiovascular events in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increased. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing dialysis are particularly affected and their hemodialysis (HD) treatment could influence blood LCFA bioaccumulation and transformation. We investigated blood LCFA in HD patients and studied LCFA profiles in vivo by analyzing arterio-venous (A-V) LFCA differences in upper limbs. We collected arterial and venous blood samples from 12 ESRD patients, before and after HD, and analyzed total LCFA levels in red blood cells (RBCs) and plasma by LC-MS/MS tandem mass spectrometry. We observed that differences in arterial and venous LFCA contents within RBCs (RBC LCFA A-V differences) were affected by HD treatment. Numerous saturated fatty acids (SFA), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) n-6 showed negative A-V differences, accumulated during peripheral tissue perfusion of the upper limbs, in RBCs before HD. HD reduced these differences. The omega-3 quotient in the erythrocyte membranes was not affected by HD in either arterial or venous blood. Our data demonstrate that A-V differences in fatty acids status of LCFA are present and active in mature erythrocytes and their bioaccumulation is sensitive to single HD treatment.