A C/EBP beta isoform recruits the SWI/SNF complex to activate myeloid genes


  • E. Kowenz-Leutz
  • A. Leutz


  • Molecular Cell


  • Mol Cell 4 (5): 735-743


  • The activation of many genes requires the concerted effort of two or more transcription factors. Although C/EBP beta is known to cooperate with Myb to induce transcription of the granulocyte-specific mim-1 gene, the molecular mechanism of this cooperativity is undefined. We show that the N terminus of the full-length C/EBP beta isoform, which is essential for induction of the mim-1 gene in chromatin, interacts specifically with the SWI/SNF complex. Grafting this domain onto Myb generates a chimeric activator that recruits SWI/SNF and induces mim-1 transcription in the absence of C/EBP beta. Interaction between C/EBP beta and SWI/SNF is essential for activating a subgroup of resident target genes in chromatin and may represent a major determinant of combinatorial gene regulation in eukaryotes.