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The chemokine receptor CCR7 controls lymph node-dependent cytotoxic T cell priming in alloimmune responses

Authors

  • U.E. Hoepken
  • J. Droese
  • J.P. Li
  • J. Joergensen
  • D. Breitfeld
  • H.G. Zerwes
  • M. Lipp

Journal

  • European Journal of Immunology

Citation

  • Eur J Immunol 34 (2): 461-470

Abstract

  • The chemokine receptor CCR7 and its ligands regulate migration and colocalization of T cells and mature dendritic cells to and within secondary lymphoid organs. The requirement of CCR7 in efficient priming of allospecific cytotoxic CD8+ T cells is poorly characterized. Here, we demonstrate a role for CCR7 in the initiation of an alloimmune response and in the development of transplant rejection. Remarkably, in a model of acute allogeneic tumor rejection, CCR7-/- mice completely failed to reject subcutaneously injected MHC class I mismatched tumor cells and cytotoxic activity of allospecific T cells was severely compromised. When solid tumors derived from wild-type mice were transplanted, recipient CCR7-/- mice were capable of rejecting the allografts. In contrast, tumor allografts transplanted from CCR7-/- donors onto CCR7-/- recipients showed allograft survival up to 28 days, suggesting a critical function of CCR7 on donor-type passenger leukocytes in the initiation of cytotoxic CD8+ T cell responses. In a heterotopic heart transplantation model CCR7 deficiency resulted in significantly prolonged but not indefinite allograft survival. Additional prolongation of graft survival was observed when hearts from CCR7-/- mice were used as donor organs. Our results define a key role for CCR7 in allogeneic T cell priming within the context of draining lymph nodes.


DOI

doi:10.1002/eji.200324690