Geographical distribution of hantaviruses in Thailand and potential human health significance of Thailand virus


  • S. Pattamadilok
  • B.H. Lee
  • S. Kumperasart
  • K. Yoshimatsu
  • M. Okumura
  • I. Nakamura
  • K. Araki
  • Y. Khoprasert
  • P. Dangsupa
  • P. Panlar
  • B. Jandrig
  • D.H. Krueger
  • B. Klempa
  • T. Jaekel
  • J. Schmidt
  • R. Ulrich
  • H. Kariwa
  • J. Arikawa


  • American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene


  • Am J Trop Med Hyg 75 (5): 994-1002


  • Phylogenetic investigations, sequence comparisons, and antigenic cross-reactivity studies confirmed the classification of Thailand virus (THAIV) as a distinct hantavirus species. The examination of sera from 402 rodents trapped in 19 provinces of Thailand revealed that five greater bandicoot rats (Bandicota indica) and one lesser bandicoot rat (B. savilei) from four provinces were focus reduction neutralization test (FRNT) antibody-positive for THAIV. One of 260 patients from Surin province in Thailand (initially suspected of having contracted leptospirosis, but found to be negative) showed symptoms compatible with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). The serum of this patient showed high titers of hantavirus-reactive IgM and IgG. FRNT investigations confirmed virus-neutralizing antibodies against THAIV. These observations suggest that THAIV or THAI-like viruses occur throughout Indochina and may represent an additional causative agent of HFRS.