folder

Kidney injury caused by preeclamptic pregnancy recovers postpartum in a transgenic rat model

Authors

  • S.M. Kedziora
  • K. Kräker
  • L. Markó
  • J. Binder
  • M. Sugulle
  • M. Gauster
  • D.N. Mueller
  • R. Dechend
  • N. Haase
  • F. Herse

Journal

  • International Journal of Molecular Sciences

Citation

  • Int J Mol Sci 22 (7): 3762

Abstract

  • Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by the onset of hypertension (≥140/90 mmHg) and presence of proteinuria (>300 mg/L/24 h urine) or other maternal organ dysfunctions. During human PE, renal injuries have been observed. Some studies suggest that women with PE diagnosis have an increased risk to develop renal diseases later in life. However, in human studies PE as a single cause of this development cannot be investigated. Here, we aimed to investigate the effect of PE on postpartum renal damage in an established transgenic PE rat model. Female rats harboring the human-angiotensinogen gene develop a preeclamptic phenotype after mating with male rats harboring the human-renin gene, but are normotensive before and after pregnancy. During pregnancy PE rats developed mild tubular and glomerular changes assessed by histologic analysis, increased gene expression of renal damage markers such as kidney injury marker 1 and connective-tissue growth factor, and albuminuria compared to female wild-type rats (WT). However, four weeks postpartum, most PE-related renal pathologies were absent, including albuminuria and elevated biomarker expression. Only mild enlargement of the glomerular tuft could be detected. Overall, the glomerular and tubular function were affected during pregnancy in the transgenic PE rat. However, almost all these pathologies observed during PE recovered postpartum.


DOI

doi:10.3390/ijms22073762