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Pressure-induced and store-operated cation influx in vascular smooth muscle cells is independent of TRPC1

Authors

  • A. Dietrich
  • H. Kalwa
  • U. Storch
  • M. Mederos Y Schnitzler
  • B. Salanova
  • O. Pinkenburg
  • G. Dubrovska
  • K. Essin
  • M. Gollasch
  • L. Birnbaumer
  • T. Gudermann

Journal

  • Pfluegers Archiv European Journal of Physiology

Citation

  • Pflugers Arch 455 (3): 465-477

Abstract

  • Among the classical transient receptor potential (TRPC) subfamily, TRPC1 is described as a mechanosensitive and store-operated channel proposed to be activated by hypoosmotic cell swelling and positive pipette pressure as well as regulated by the filling status of intracellular Ca(2+) stores. However, evidence for a physiological role of TRPC1 may most compellingly be obtained by the analysis of a TRPC1-deficient mouse model. Therefore, we have developed and analyzed TRPC1(-/-) mice. Pressure-induced constriction of cerebral arteries was not impaired in TRPC1(-/-) mice. Smooth muscle cells from cerebral arteries activated by hypoosmotic swelling and positive pipette pressure showed no significant differences in cation currents compared to wild-type cells. Moreover, smooth muscle cells of TRPC1(-/-) mice isolated from thoracic aortas and cerebral arteries showed no change in store-operated cation influx induced by thapsigargin, inositol-1,4,5 trisphosphate, and cyclopiazonic acid compared to cells from wild-type mice. In contrast to these results, small interference RNAs decreasing the expression of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) inhibited thapsigargin-induced store-operated cation influx, demonstrating that STIM1 and TRPC1 are mutually independent. These findings also imply that, as opposed to current concepts, TRPC1 is not an obligatory component of store-operated and stretch-activated ion channel complexes in vascular smooth muscle cells.


DOI

doi:10.1007/s00424-007-0314-3