Proglucagon signalling in the rat dorsomedial hypothalamus - physiology and high-fat diet-mediated alterations


  • A M. Sanetra
  • K. Palus-Chramiec
  • L. Chrobok
  • J.S. Jeczmien-Lazur
  • J.D. Klich
  • M.H. Lewandowski


  • Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience


  • Mol Cell Neurosci 126: 103873


  • A relatively new pharmacological target in obesity treatment has been the preproglucagon (PPG) signalling, predominantly with glucagon-like peptide (GLP) 1 receptor agonists. As far as the PPG role within the digestive system is well recognised, its actions in the brain remain understudied. Here, we investigated PPG signalling in the Dorsomedial Hypothalamus (DMH), a structure involved in feeding regulation and metabolism, using in situ hybridisation, electrophysiology, and immunohistochemistry. Our experiments were performed on animals fed both control, and high-fat diet (HFD), uncovering HFD-mediated alterations. First, sensitivity to exendin-4 (Exn4, a GLP1R agonist) was shown to increase under HFD, with a higher number of responsive neurons. The amplitude of the response to both Exn4 and oxyntomodulin (Oxm) was also altered, diminishing its relationship with the cells' spontaneous firing rate. Not only neuronal sensitivity, but also GLP1 presence, and therefore possibly release, was influenced by HFD. Immunofluorescent labelling of the GLP1 showed changes in its density depending on the metabolic state (fasted/fed), but this effect was eliminated by HFD feeding. Interestingly, these dietary differences were absent after a period of restricted feeding, allowing for an anticipation of the alternating metabolic states, which suggests possible prevention of such outcome.