Quantification of myocardial effective transverse relaxation time with magnetic resonance at 7.0 tesla for a better understanding of myocardial (patho)physiology


  • T. Huelnhagen
  • Teresa Serradas-Duarte
  • Fabian Hezel
  • K. Paul
  • T. Niendorf


  • 343-372


  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has become an indispensable tool in the assessment of cardiac structure, morphology, and function. CMR also affords myocardial tissue characterization and probing of cardiac physiology, both being in the focus of ongoing research. These developments are fueled by the move to ultrahigh magnetic field strengths, which permits enhanced sensitivity and spatial resolution that help to overcome limitations of current clinical MR systems. This chapter reviews the potential of using CMR as a means to assess physiology in the heart muscle by exploiting quantification of myocardial effective transverse relaxation times (T2 * ) for the better understanding of myocardial (patho)physiology. For this purpose the basic principles of T2 * mapping, the biophysical mechanisms governing T2 * , and Otherwise this implies that all preclinical applications of myocardial T2 * mapping ever done are being presented which is not the case. Technological challenges and solutions for T2 * -sensitized CMR at ultrahigh magnetic field strengths are discussed followed by a survey of acquisition techniques and post processing approaches. Preliminary results derived from myocardial T2 * mapping of healthy subjects and in patients at 7.0 T are presented. A concluding section provides an outlook including future developments and potential applications.