Radiofrequency antenna concepts for human cardiac MR at 14.0 T


  • B. Nurzed
  • A. Kuehne
  • C.S. Aigner
  • S. Schmitter
  • T. Niendorf
  • T.W. Eigentler


  • Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics Biology and Medicine


  • Magn Reson Mater Phys Biol Med 36 (2): 257-277


  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility of human cardiac MR (CMR) at 14.0 T using high-density radiofrequency (RF) dipole transceiver arrays in conjunction with static and dynamic parallel transmission (pTx). MATERIALS AND METHODS: RF arrays comprised of self-grounded bow-tie (SGBT) antennas, bow-tie (BT) antennas, or fractionated dipole (FD) antennas were used in this simulation study. Static and dynamic pTx were applied to enhance transmission field (B(1)(+)) uniformity and efficiency in the heart of the human voxel model. B(1)(+) distribution and maximum specific absorption rate averaged over 10 g tissue (SAR(10g)) were examined at 7.0 T and 14.0 T. RESULTS: At 14.0 T static pTx revealed a minimum B(1)(+)(ROI) efficiency of 0.91 μT/√kW (SGBT), 0.73 μT/√kW (BT), and 0.56 μT/√kW (FD) and maximum SAR(10g) of 4.24 W/kg, 1.45 W/kg, and 2.04 W/kg. Dynamic pTx with 8 kT points indicate a balance between B(1)(+)(ROI) homogeneity (coefficient of variation < 14%) and efficiency (minimum B(1)(+)(ROI) > 1.11 µT/√kW) at 14.0 T with a maximum SAR(10g) < 5.25 W/kg. DISCUSSION: MRI of the human heart at 14.0 T is feasible from an electrodynamic and theoretical standpoint, provided that multi-channel high-density antennas are arranged accordingly. These findings provide a technical foundation for further explorations into CMR at 14.0 T.