Transcriptome-wide analysis of protein-RNA interactions using high-throughput sequencing


  • M. Milek
  • E. Wyler
  • M. Landthaler


  • Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology


  • Semin Cell Dev Biol 23 (2): 206-212


  • Protein-RNA interactions are emerging as an important functional element in the regulation of gene expression. Cross-linking of proteins to RNA by UV irradiation followed by immunoprecipitation (CLIP) has provided a crucial tool for research in this field. Initially, the bottleneck of the method was the relatively low number of identified RNA binding sites. It was only the arrival of next-generation sequencing that allowed a comprehensive and unbiased description of the cross-linked protein-RNA fragments. Here, we summarize recent progress in the study of protein-RNA interactions, as well as some of the important findings obtained using different CLIP approaches in cultured cells and organisms. These efforts allowed the identification of functional RNA-binding sites for a wide range of RNA-interacting proteins. Experimental and bioinformatic progress will further advance this dynamic area of research. The combination of high-resolution protein-RNA interaction maps with transcriptome-wide data describing the stability, modifications and structures of RNAs, in addition to protein expression profiling, will provide deeper insight into post-transcriptional and translational regulatory events and mechanisms.