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Landthaler Lab

RNA Biology and Posttranscriptional Regulation

Profile

Our main interest is the understanding of mechanisms and cellular functions of RNA-binding proteins and their role in post-transcriptional regulatory networks that control gene expression.

Post-transcriptional regulation is highly versatile and adaptable in exploiting cellular time and space. RNA-binding proteins play a key role in the regulation of spatial and temporal changes in protein synthesis through control of transport, translation and decay of mRNA. Deregulation and failed coordination of these mechanisms contribute to the pathophysiological development and conditions.

Transcriptome-wide high-resolution maps of RNA-protein contacts allow us to study how these interactions control mRNA fate [Hafner & Landthaler et al., Cell 2010; Rybak-Wolf et al., Cell 2014]. Different next generation sequencing approaches are being applied to examine the function of RNA-binding proteins in mRNA biogenesis, translation and decay [Murakawa et al. Nature Communications 2015].

In addition, we have developed a UV crosslinking and oligo(dT) purification approach to identify the mRNA-bound proteome using quantitative proteomics. We use this method to monitor dynamic changes of the mRNA-protein interactome to capture differentially binding proteins as a consequence of intra- and extra-cellular signals. [Milek et al., Genome Research 2017].

 

Team

Research

Our main interest is the understanding of post-transcriptional regulatory networks that control gene expression. Post-transcriptional regulation is highly versatile and adaptable in exploiting cellular time and space. microRNAs and RNA-binding proteins play a key role in the regulation of spatial and temporal changes in protein synthesis through control of mRNA transport, storage and translation. Deregulation and failed coordination of these mechanisms contribute to the pathophysiological development and conditions. A prerequisite for a systems level understanding of post-transcriptional regulation is a transcriptome-wide high-resolution map of RNA-protein contacts that allows us to study how these interactions control the fate of mRNAs.

We are using a novel crosslinking-immunoprecipitation approach (PAR-CLIP) in combination with “deep-sequencing” to identify functional RNA-protein interactions at a nucleotide resolution (Hafner & Landthaler et al. [2010] Cell, 141). By using these RNA-protein interaction maps and combining them with cell-based and biochemical assays, we are aiming to understand the coordinated and combinatorial assembly of microRNAs, RNA-binding proteins and helicases on their target mRNAs as well as the structures and mechanisms guiding mRNA maturation, localization, turnover and protein synthesis in response to stress and environmental signals.

Publications

News

Single-cell SARS-CoV-2

Bulk and single-cell gene expression profiling of SARS-CoV-2 infected human cell lines identifies molecular targets for therapeutic intervention

This website provides the supplementary tables and data files mentioned in our manuscript on biorXiv. Furthermore, Seurat / R objects for the single-cell data are provided.

GEO entry

Raw sequencing data, as well as readcount tables from the bulk and single-cell sequencing experiments can be downloaded from the GEO entry: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE148729

Online browsing of Calu-3 single-cell RNA-seq data

The Calu-3 scRNA-seq data can be interactively browsed here: https://shiny.mdc-berlin.de/COV/

Count tables scRNA-seq

For scRNA data, count tables for cells with more than 1000 detected genes are provided. Within the manuscripts, only cells with more than 2000 detected genes have been analyzed. The following R code can be used to convert the count tables to a Seurat object:

library(Seurat)
raw_counts <- read.table(file="GSE148729_Calu3_scRNAseq_morethan1000genes_rawcounts_tr.txt",sep="\t“)
meta_data <- read.table(file="GSE148729_Calu3_scRNAseq_morethan1000genes_metadata.txt",sep="\t",header=TRUE,dec=".",row.names="cell_id“)
seu <- CreateSeuratObject(counts =t(raw_counts), meta.data = meta_data)

Supplementary data and Seurat/R objects

Additional files are provided in the download folder here: https://filetransfer.mdc-berlin.de/?u=CVXckugR&p=MACT6Xw9

Supplementary tables

    Data set overview: SupplementaryTable1.xlsx
    Percentage of viral reads: SupplementaryTable2.xlsx
    Viral transcripts reads: SupplementaryTable3.xlsx
    Statistics scRNA-seq: SupplementaryTable4.xlsx
    Oligos: SupplementaryTable5.xlsx

RNA-seq gene normalized expression values (fpkm)

    SupplementaryData1_Caco2_polyA_fpkm.tsv
    SupplementaryData2_Calu3_polyA_series1_fpkm.tsv 
    SupplementaryData3_Calu3_polyA_series2_fpkm.tsv
    SupplementaryData4_Calu3_total_RNA_fpkm.tsv
    SupplementaryData5_H1299_polyA_fpkm.tsv
 

Seurat objects scRNA-seq

    200406.Seurat_H1299_CoV_1000_Merged.rds
    200408.Seurat_Calu_CoV_1000_Merged.rds

Diffusion embedding, intron and RNA velocity data

This is the embedding used in figure 5, and the corresponding mature mRNA / intron / RNA velocity data. A meta data file with an embedding calculated without viral genes is also provided (not displayed in the manuscript)
    diffusion_embedding_meta_data.txt.zip
    diffusion_embedding_withoutviralgenes_meta_data.txt.zip 
    intron_matrix.rds  
    mrna_matrix.rds
    velo_matrix.rds

Viral sequences and annotation used for scRNA-seq analysis

Accession numbers: AY310120 for SARS-CoV, MN908947 for SARS-CoV-2

    viral_sequences_annotations.zip

Alignements of small RNA-seq data to the viral genomes

    Calu3_smallRNAseq_SARS_alignements.zip

Differential expression lists

Differential expression calculation outputs from edgeR, with log(2) fold changes, p-value, logCPM and FDR, of some comparisons infected/mock from the polyA datasets

   Series2, Calu-3 cells, 12hpi SARS-CoV vs. 12h mock: DE_Calu3ser2_S1.12h_mock.12h.txt.zip
   Series2, Calu-3 cells, 12hpi SARS-CoV-2 vs. 12h mock: DE_Calu3ser2_S2.12h_mock.12h.txt.zip
   Series1, Calu-3 cells, 24hpi SARS-CoV vs. 24h mock: DE_Calu3_S1.24h_mock.24h.txt
   Series1, Calu-3 cells, 24hpi SARS-CoV-2 vs. 24h mock: DE_Calu3_S2.24h_mock.24h.txt
      Series1, Caco-2 cells, 24hpi SARS-CoV vs. 24h mock: DE_Caco2_S1.24h_mock.24h.txt
   Series1, Caco-2 cells, 24hpi SARS-CoV-2 vs. 24h mock: DE_Caco2_S2.24h_mock.24h.txt

Jobs

We offer interesting Bachelor and Master thesis projects. Talented and motivated PhD student and PostDoc candidates interested in the lab are welcome to make informal inquiries at any time to Dr. Markus Landthaler (markus.landthaler@mdc-berlin.de).

Prof. Dr. Markus Landthaler
Prof. Dr. Markus Landthaler
Group Leader
Contact
Max-Delbrück-Centrum für Molekulare Medizin (MDC)
Hannoversche Str. 28
10115 Berlin, Germany
101: Berlin Institute for Medical System Biology
Room 1.06
(030) 9406 3026

 

ORCID iD icon orcid.org/0000-0002-1075-8734

 

ResearcherID: A-1427-2010

 

Secretariat
 
Sabrina Deter
(030) 9406 2920
101: Berlin Institute for Medical System Biology
Room 1.02