Darm-Herz-Achse: Wie Darmbakterien kardiovaskuläre
Erkrankungen beeinflussen [Gut-heart axis: how gut bacteria influence cardiovascular diseases]
- H. Bartolomaeus
- V. McParland
- N. Wilck
- Herz 45 (2): 134-141
The view of humans as holobionts consisting of eukaryotic host cells and associated prokaryotic organisms, has opened up a new perspective on cardiovascular pathophysiology. In particular, intestinal bacteria influence the cell and organ functions of the host. Intestinal bacteria represent a metabolically active community whose composition and function can influence cardiovascular health and disease. The interaction between the intestinal microbiota and the heart occurs via metabolites of bacterial origin, which are resorbed in the intestine and distributed via the circulation. Bacterial metabolites are produced from food components, which in turn emphasizes the importance of nutrition. Some of these metabolites, such as trimethylamine N‑oxide (TMAO), can exacerbate cardiovascular pathologies. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) in turn are considered to be protective metabolites. The host's immune system is an important target for these metabolites and explains much of their effects. In the future, the targeted manipulation of intestinal bacteria could help to prevent the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases.